Dante, the greatest Italian poet in his never-ending journey through inferno, speaks of a place in Canto XX that "up in Italy stands a beautiful lake ... and has the name of Benàco." Its geographical location and its size make it the most important basin in Central Europe. Nestled at the foot of the Alps, the lake witnesses the Padana Valley as it stretches out and the high peaks that shelter it, and on a clear day, you can even make out the lion of St. Mark's Square in Venice. The lake was chosen as a holiday destination by the emperors in the North, due to the presence of perfect climate for the cultivation of lemons, with groves still present in the area and for the fresh, clean air. It developed into a trading area thanks to its relations of the empire of Venice, where ships via the lake carried the typical products of the populations of the north to the sea. Trade exchanges have also influenced the development of lake tourism. To fully appreciate every facet, you can travel the perimeter (about 125 km) where you will experience a mild climate, and on the hottest days, the breezes of the various prevailing winds that caress the contours of a body of water that reflects the beauty of the sky. Along the lakeside road there are many places of beauty, offering travellers the chance to organize their holiday in complete freedom. For those travelling from the north, Malcesine with its Scaliger Castle and the revolving cable car, Brenzone with prehistoric trails and the terrace of Prada, the Torri del Benaco ferry dock and the lemon greenhouses inside the castle, then there is Garda Adelaide, Costermano, Caprino and San Zeno with their mountain traditions, Bardolino with its wine route, Lazise the spa town and a home to amusement parks, and finally Peschiera, with its fortification surrounded by water.